Hybrid “eschalion” is a standout in the kitchen.Iridescent peachy pink skin covers uniform bulbs. Also called "banana shallots", eschalions are highly desired by chefs because their elongated bulbs are easy to peel and cut, and their sugar profile is perfectly suited for caramelizing. Long storage potential. Adaptation: 40–60° latitude. AAS Regional winner for the Southeast, West/Northwest. Formerly known as BGS-270. Avg. 111,700 seeds/lb. Packet: 250 seeds.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Allium cepa var. aggregatum
CULTURE: Shallots require full sun and fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0–7.0. Sandy loam soils are ideal; raised beds or raised rows are recommended for heavier soils to promote soil drainage. When planted at 2" per plant spacing, shallots are more likely to form a single bulb.
DIRECT SEEDING: In April or early May, or as soon as the soil can be prepared in early spring, sow in a 2" wide band, about 2 seeds/in., 1/4– 1/2" deep, rows 12–18" apart. Thin to 2" apart for highest yields in fertile soil. Thin to 3–4" apart for larger shallots.
TRANSPLANTING: In short-season areas, sow seeds indoors in flats in late February to mid-March. Broadcast 1/2" apart and cover 1/4". Tops may be clipped to 5" tall. Transplant to the garden 4" apart, or sow 5 seeds in each cell of 1–1 1/2" diameter plug trays, thinning to 3 per cell. Transplant each cell 6" apart.
CULTIVATION: Keep shallots well weeded with shallow cultivation.
WATER: Shallots are shallow rooted and grow best with at least 1" per week of rain or irrigation, especially during the bulbing phase.
DISEASES: Adequate air circulation and crop rotation aids in reducing the risk of foliar disease
HARVEST: When necks become soft and tops are falling over, pull and sun-cure at least 2–7 days, depending on weather. Move to a protected location to finish drying.
STORAGE: When dry, clip off tops and roots and store in onion bags or shallow boxes at near freezing and 60–70% humidity.
DAY LENGTH: Like onions, all shallots are day-length sensitive. Plant shallots as you would long-day onions.
DAYS TO MATURITY: From direct seeding; subtract 10–15 days if transplants are used.
AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 1 oz./25′, 1M/50′, 5M/250′, 25M/1,250′, 580M/acre @ 20 seeds/ft., in rows 18" apart.
TRANSPLANTS: Avg. 1 oz./4,900 plants, 1 lb./78,750.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: 119,600-125,270 (Avg. 122,500).
PACKET: 250 seeds, sows 12′ or makes 140 plants.
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