Popular, multipurpose perennial.Semidouble blooms in shades of lavender, salmon, magenta, and pale to bright pinks are useful as cut and edible flowers. Additionally, monarda attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to the garden. Also known as beebalm, Oswego tea, and scarlet beebalm. Medicinal: Aerial parts in infusions to improve digestion. Leaves and blooms contain thymol-related antibiotic-antiseptic compounds. Perennial in Zones 4–9.
• Edible Flowers: Add petals to salads, sprinkle over mild fish, use in fruit salads, or to garnish desserts and drinks. Flavor is minty and spicy.
Ht. 36–44". Avg. 4,000 seeds/oz. Packet: 100 seeds.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 10-14 days at 68-72°F (20-22°C).
SOWING: Transplant (recommended): Sow 7-9 weeks before last frost. Transplant into cell packs or larger containers when the first true leaves appear. Harden off and transplant outside after last frost.
Direct seed: After last frost, sow seed thinly, barely covering the seed. Thin when the seedlings have the first true leaves.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun/Part Shade.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Any well-drained soil.
PLANT SPACING: 12-18".
HARDINESS ZONES: Varies. M. citriodora: Annual. M. didyma: Perennial in Zones 4-9.
HARVEST: Fresh: Harvest when flowers are almost completely open. Dried: Allow flowers to open completely. Hang to dry.
USES: Suitable as a fresh cut flower. Excellent dried flower. Border plantings. Edible flower
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monarda spp.
ALTERNATE NAMES: Bee balm